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Previous Chapter - Genesis 37:1 Previous Verse - Genesis 38:17 Next Verse - Genesis 38:19 Next Chapter - Genesis 39:1
{Genesis 38:18} And he said, 559 z8799 What y834 x4100 pledge 6162 shall I give 5414 z8799 thee? And she said, 559 z8799 Thy signet, 2368 and thy bracelets, 6616 and thy staff 4294 that x834 [is] in thine hand. 3027 And he gave 5414 z8799 [it] her, and came in 935 z8799 unto x413 her, and she conceived 2029 z8799 by him.
Thy signet:
Chothem, or chothemeth, as in "When she [was] brought forth, she sent to her father in law, saying, By the man, whose these [are, am] I with child: and she said, Discern, I pray thee, whose [are] these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff." {Gen 38:25}, is properly a ring-seal, with which impressions were made to ascertain property, etc. From "[As] I live, saith the LORD, though Coniah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah were the signet upon my right hand, yet would I pluck thee thence;" {Jer 22:24}, we find that it was worn on the hand; though it might also have been suspended from the neck by a ribband, as the Arabs still wear it. "When she [was] brought forth, she sent to her father in law, saying, By the man, whose these [are, am] I with child: and she said, Discern, I pray thee, whose [are] these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff. ... And Judah acknowledged [them], and said, She hath been more righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah my son. And he knew her again no more." {Gen 38:25-26} + "[As] I live, saith the LORD, though Coniah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah were the signet upon my right hand, yet would I pluck thee thence;" {Jer 22:24} + "But the father said to his servants, Bring forth the best robe, and put [it] on him; and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on [his] feet:" {Lke 15:22}
bracelets:
Pathil, from pathal, to twist, wreathe, may denote either a wreath for the arm or neck, a twisted collar, or bracelet. In the former sense the LXX render it by ορμισκον, and Aquila and Symmachus by στρεπτον; and in the latter sense, the Vulgate renders it by armillam. It may have been a collar by which the signet was suspended; though its being used in the plural seems to favour the opinion of its being a bracelet.
gave it her:
"When she [was] brought forth, she sent to her father in law, saying, By the man, whose these [are, am] I with child: and she said, Discern, I pray thee, whose [are] these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff. ... And Judah acknowledged [them], and said, She hath been more righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah my son. And he knew her again no more." {Gen 38:25-26} + "Whoredom and wine and new wine take away the heart." {Hsa 4:11}

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