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Previous Chapter - Genesis 30:1 Previous Verse - Genesis 31:45 Next Verse - Genesis 31:47 Next Chapter - Genesis 32:1
{Genesis 31:46} And Jacob 3290 said 559 z8799 unto his brethren, 251 Gather 3950 z8798 stones; 68 and they took 3947 z8799 stones, 68 and made 6213 z8799 an heap: 1530 and they did eat 398 z8799 there x8033 upon x5921 the heap. 1530
brethren:
"And he took his brethren with him, and pursued after him seven days' journey; and they overtook him in the mount Gilead." {Gen 31:23} + "With whomsoever thou findest thy gods, let him not live: before our brethren discern thou what [is] thine with me, and take [it] to thee. For Jacob knew not that Rachel had stolen them." {Gen 31:32} + "Whereas thou hast searched all my stuff, what hast thou found of all thy household stuff? set [it] here before my brethren and thy brethren, that they may judge betwixt us both." {Gen 31:37} + "Then Jacob offered sacrifice upon the mount, and called his brethren to eat bread: and they did eat bread, and tarried all night in the mount." {Gen 31:54}
Gather:
"And Joshua said unto them, Pass over before the ark of the LORD your God into the midst of Jordan, and take ye up every man of you a stone upon his shoulder, according unto the number of the tribes of the children of Israel: ... And Joshua set up twelve stones in the midst of Jordan, in the place where the feet of the priests which bare the ark of the covenant stood: and they are there unto this day." {Jsh 4:5-9} + "And those twelve stones, which they took out of Jordan, did Joshua pitch in Gilgal. ... That all the people of the earth might know the hand of the LORD, that it [is] mighty: that ye might fear the LORD your God for ever." {Jsh 4:20-24} + "And they raised over him a great heap of stones unto this day. So the LORD turned from the fierceness of his anger. Wherefore the name of that place was called, The valley of Achor, unto this day." {Jsh 7:26} + "And they took Absalom, and cast him into a great pit in the wood, and laid a very great heap of stones upon him: and all Israel fled every one to his tent." {2Sm 18:17} + "A time to cast away stones, and a time to gather stones together; a time to embrace, and a time to refrain from embracing;" {Ecc 3:5}
an heap:
The word gal, rendered "heap," properly signifies a round heap or circle; probably like the Druidical remains in this country, which have been traced in India, Persia, Western Asia, Greece, and Northern Europe. These usually consist of irregular circles of large stones, with a principal one in the midst; the former probably being used for seats, and the latter for an altar; corresponding to the stone set up as a pillar by Jacob, and the heap of stones collected by his brethren. They appear to have been used, as Gilgal undoubtedly was ("And Joshua said unto them, Pass over before the ark of the LORD your God into the midst of Jordan, and take ye up every man of you a stone upon his shoulder, according unto the number of the tribes of the children of Israel:" {Jsh 4:5} + "And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers; and I said, I will never break my covenant with you." {Jdg 2:1} + "But he himself turned again from the quarries that [were] by Gilgal, and said, I have a secret errand unto thee, O king: who said, Keep silence. And all that stood by him went out from him." {Jdg 3:19} + "Then all the children of Israel went out, and the congregation was gathered together as one man, from Dan even to Beersheba, with the land of Gilead, unto the LORD in Mizpeh. ... And the men of Israel turned again upon the children of Benjamin, and smote them with the edge of the sword, as well the men of [every] city, as the beast, and all that came to hand: also they set on fire all the cities that they came to." {Jdg 20:1-48} + "And he went from year to year in circuit to Bethel, and Gilgal, and Mizpeh, and judged Israel in all those places." {1Sm 7:16} + "And thou shalt go down before me to Gilgal; and, behold, I will come down unto thee, to offer burnt offerings, [and] to sacrifice sacrifices of peace offerings: seven days shalt thou tarry, till I come to thee, and shew thee what thou shalt do." {1Sm 10:8} + "And Samuel called the people together unto the LORD to Mizpeh;" {1Sm 10:17} + "And all the people went to Gilgal; and there they made Saul king before the LORD in Gilgal; and there they sacrificed sacrifices of peace offerings before the LORD; and there Saul and all the men of Israel rejoiced greatly." {1Sm 11:15} + "And [some of] the Hebrews went over Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he [was] yet in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling." {1Sm 13:7} + "And Samuel said, As thy sword hath made women childless, so shall thy mother be childless among women. And Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before the LORD in Gilgal." {1Sm 15:33} + "So the king returned, and came to Jordan. And Judah came to Gilgal, to go to meet the king, to conduct the king over Jordan." {2Sm 19:15} + "Then the king went on to Gilgal, and Chimham went on with him: and all the people of Judah conducted the king, and also half the people of Israel." {2Sm 19:40} + "And it came to pass, when the LORD would take up Elijah into heaven by a whirlwind, that Elijah went with Elisha from Gilgal." {2Kg 2:1}) as temples, and as places for holding councils, and assembling the people. For a satisfactory elucidation of this subject, consult the Fragments to Calmet, Nos. 156, 735, 736.

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